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Conditions page or Glaucoma
.5% 1% 2% 3% 4% 4 % Ointment
Proper eye drop insertion
Once the drops are in, lie back
with your eyes closed for at least three minutes. Using your thumb and first
finger, lightly push in on your nose where the two eye lids come together (see
instructions on back). This will give you the maximum effect on your eyes with
minimum side effects.
Ointments: Instill about a
1/4 inch ribbon into the inside of the lower eyelid.
HOW THEY WORK.
Glaucoma is an eye disease
where the eye pressure is too high for the eye nerve (optic nerve) to
function. There are two ways to lower eye pressure: either slow the rate of
fluid produced inside of the eye (turn down the faucet) or, increase the rate
fluid leaves the eye (open the drain). Pilocarpine eye drops function by
increasing the rate fluid exits the eye. They do this by encouraging the small
muscles inside your eye to work harder. This stimulates the muscles which pull
on the drainage channels that help fluid leave the eye quicker, thus
decreasing the pressure inside the eye.
Localized side effects, most
commonly brow ache, focusing spasm and dimmed vision secondary to small pupils
are common. Caution should be used driving at night. Most of these are
transient and largely dissipate in a week or two.
Systemic side effects such
as: salivation, abdominal cramps, and bronchospasm are rare. Like local side
effects, most dissipate within the first week or two.
Try to space the eye
drops 6 hours apart, morning, lunch, dinner, bedtime if four times a day
After instillation, close eyes gently and
apply pressure over your tear ducts for three min.
information if you are pregnant or breastfeeding:
There is no evidence of risk to a baby during
pregnancy at the doses used for chronic glaucoma. The drug is known to pass
into breast milk but adverse effects are unlikely. However, their use should
still be discussed with your eye care doctor.